Semiconductor



  • Distinguish between conductors, insulators and semiconductors on the basis of conductivity and on the basis of energy bands.



  • @edward_
    Conductors are those materials in which there is no difference of energy between valence and conduction band, or these two bands are overlapped. Electrons can easily jump from valence and conduction band. In conductors the conduction band is partially filled than those of insulators. As there are electrons is conduction band so such materials are good conductors of electricity. There is no forbidden gap between valence and conduction band in conductors.

    According to the energy band theory the insulators are those materials in which there is a large energy difference between valence and conduction band. The conduction band is empty, and the electrons in the valence band acquire a large amount of energy to jump in conduction band and become free. The forbidden gap is very large between valence and conduction band. That’s why the insulators did not conduct

    Semiconductors are those materials in which there is a very small energy difference between valence and conduction bands and electrons and can easily jump by acquiring a small amount of energy. In semiconductors the there is a very small forbidden gap between valence and conduction band


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