Nucleophiles and Electrophiles
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Please give a list of nucleophiles in their nucleophilicity order And also for Electrophiles
Positively charged Electrophile —- H+, Cl+ (Chloronium ion), Br+ (Bromonium ion), I+ (Iodonium ion), NO2+ , NO+, NH4+ , R3 C+ & Other carbonium ions,
SO3, FeCl3, AlCl3, BF3, ZnCl2 etc.
Electrophiles act as lewis acids. The reactions involving the attack of electrophiles are known as electrophilic reactions
Negatively charged Nucleophiles :
Cl– (chloride ion) , Br– ( Bromide ion), I– (Iodide ion), OH– , CN– Carbanions like CH3–, CH3CH2– etc.
Neutral nucleophiles : NH3, RNH2, H–O–H , R–OH , R–O–R , R–S–R.
Nucleophiles are capable of donating electron pairs, Therefore they act as Lewis base. The reactions involving the attack of nucleophiles are known as nucleophilic reactions