# Electrostatics

• Q22 ans 1 • The plate is uniformly charged on both sides with same charge density(as in the case of a thin sheet having uniform charge density containing charges of the same sign).Here lets assume that both parts of the plate are negatively charged. as you can see the electric field which was in one particular direction is changing direction.the plate contains charge of equal and same sign of charges on each side.

Assuming the electric field lines(original that is the external field)is hitting the plate from the left(since you didn't mention it) i.e the external field is from left to right.We know that positive charge has fields away from it and negative charge towards it.Now the contribution of the field by the thin plate comes into play here.

The negative charge is helping the external field by raising its magnitude towards the plate from the left side and the negative charge(on the right side) is changing the direction of the field towards the plate on the right side.So the field produced by the plate is good enough to reverse the direction of the external field.Coming to the question assuming field produced by plate is x and the external field is y magnitude wise.Now on the left side of the plate considering direction of the fields towards the plate-

x+y=5(in the given units and 10 powers)

x-y=3

add both the equations- we get x=4(in given units and 10 powers)

hence field due to the sheet is 'x' caused by the negative charges on it.Now you know the formula Before that you need to use the force formula on the plate that is net electric field intensity multiplied by the charge(total) on the plate will give you the net force on the plate. Solve for the charge-

net electric field intensity on the plate is=5-3(in their units given)

you know the force now solve for the charge on the plates using the formula of electric field by a thin sheet of charges using the electric field value as 'x' in the formula as the field by the sheet.You should get your answer.

• @pankaj my doubt is we worte ,
σ/2ε0 that is its infinite
Is it correct to assume?

• @pankaj
Cannot there be different charge density at two sides of metal plate

• @nishant-thakre No,it can't be as it violates charge distribution

• @ashish-singh Yes,it is correct

• @nishant-thakre said in Electrostatics:

@pankaj
Cannot there be different charge density at two sides of metal plate

@Arun-setty-Kodavali @pankaj

• @nishant-thakre
metal plate inside E has to be zero, so cant hv differnet density.

In electrostatics free charges in a good conductor reside only on the surface. So the free charge inside the conductor is zero. So the field in it is caused by charges on the surface. Since charges are of the same nature and distribution is UNIFORM, the electric fields cancel each other

• @nukita-puyol
Inside the metal
There exists uniform field E and field due to charges on two surfaces .so the charge density on two surfaces may be different
Am I right?